Ecologists study the interactions and relationships that living organisms have with each other and their environment. Understanding ecology strongly complements conservation biology, or the study of our planet’s biodiversity for the sake of protecting species, habitats, and ecosystems. Ecologists and conservationists learn about behavior, biodiversity (from botany to zoology), climate, genetics, evolution, nutrient cycles, natural resources, and more. Careers in this specialization are often with non-profit environmental groups or governmental agencies aiming to protect and serve the environment and our planet’s biodiversity. If you are a biology student interested in studying this field, check out our guide below and work with your advisor to come up with a plan for success.